• In general the health status of Asian Americans tends to be better than that of non-Hispanic Whites and members of other racial and ethnic groups. They are less likely to rate their health status as fair or poor.
• Leading causes of death in Asian Americans: Cancer, heart disease, stroke.
• Asian Americans have lower death rates from heart disease, HIV/AIDS and cancer compared to members of other racial and ethnic groups, but they have higher mortality rates for certain types of cancer such as stomach and liver.
• 17.1% of Asian American under 65 years do not have health insurance coverage.
• Reliance on Medicaid and other public coverage ranges from 4% among Asian Indians to 19% among other Southeast Asians.
• Health coverage varies by income. More than 40% of nonelderly Vietnamese, other Southeast Asians, and Native Hawaiians and Pacific Islanders are poor or near poor compared with 27% of the remaining Asian-American subgroups.
• High rates of limited English proficiency create obstacles for Asian immigrants to achieve good health.
• Studies have shown that Southeast Asians who had a higher English language-proficiency and who had lived in the U.S. longer were less likely to be smokers. In contrast, the average number of cigarettes smoked per day by Chinese men increases with the time they live in the U.S.
• Asian adolescents (12 to 17 yrs.) had lower rates compared with the national average of past month cigarette use (3.9% vs. 10.2%), alcohol use (7.4% vs. 16.0%), marijuana use (2.9% vs. 6.9%), and nonmedical use of prescription-type drugs (1.8% vs. 3.3%).
• Asian adolescents who were born in the United States had a higher rate of past month alcohol use than Asian adolescents who were not born in the United States (8.7% vs. 4.7%).
• The number of Asian-American women who have been diagnosed with breast cancer has increased. Chinese American and Japanese American women have higher rates of breast cancer than women of their same age in China and Japan. Cervical cancer incidence rates are among the highest in the U.S. for Laotian, Samoan, Vietnamese and Cambodian women.
• Asian-American women have the highest life expectancy (85.8 yrs.) of any other ethnic group in the U.S. Life expectancy varies among Asian subgroups: Filipino (81.5 yrs.), Japanese (84.5 yrs.), and Chinese women (86.1 yrs.)